金属表面处理四大工艺

2019-06-2810:52:09金属表面处理四大工艺已关闭评论

BIAOMIANCHULIYOULIANGZHONGJIESHI,YIZHONGSHIGUANGYIBIAOMIANCHULI,YEJIUSHISHUO,TABAOKUOGEZHONGWULIHEHUAXUEFANGFA,RUYUCHULI,DIANDU,TUQI,HUAXUEYANGHUA,REPENTUDENG; LINGYIZHONGSHIZHAIBIAOMIANCHULI,JIJINBAOKUOPENSHA,PAOGUANGDENGYUCHULIBUFEN。 WOMENXIAMIANTANDAODEZHUYAOSHIZHAIBIAOMIANCHULI。JINSHUBIAOMIANCHULIGONGYIZONGGONGKEYIFENWEI4DALEI:BIAOMIANGAIXINGGONGYI、BIAOMIANHEJINHUAGONGYI、BIAOMIANZHUANHUAMOGONGYIHEBIAOMIANFUMOGONGYI。

一、表面改性工艺

1、表面淬火

BIAOMIANCUIHUOSHIZHIZAIBUGAIBIANGANGDEHUAXUECHENGFENJIXINBUZUZHIQINGKUANGXIA,LIYONGKUAISUJIAREJIANGBIAOCENGAOSHITIHUAHOUJINXINGCUIHUOYIQIANGHUALINGJIANBIAOMIANDERECHULIFANGFA。

BIAOMIANCUIHUODEZHUYAOFANGFAYOUHUOYANCUIHUOHEGANYINGJIARE,CHANGYONGDEREYUANYOUYANGYIGUIHUOYANGBINGWANDENGHUOYANDENG。

2、激光表面强化

JIGUANGBIAOMIANQIANGHUASHIYONGJUJIAODEJIGUANGSHUSHEXIANGGONGJIANBIAOMIAN,ZAIJIDUANSHIJIANNEIJIANGGONGJIANBIAOCENGJIBODECAILIAOJIAREDAOXIANGBIANWENDUHUORONGDIANYISHANGDEWENDU,YOUZAIJIDUANSHIJIANNEILENGQUE,SHIGONGJIANBIAOMIANCUIYINGQIANGHUA。

JIGUANGBIAOMIANQIANGHUAKEYIFENWEIJIGUANGXIANGBIANQIANGHUACHULI、JIGUANGBIAOMIANHEJINHUACHULIHEJIGUANGRONGFUCHULIDENG。

JIGUANGBIAOMIANQIANGHUADEREYINGXIANGQUXIAO,BIANXINGXIAO,CAOZUOFANGBIAN,ZHUYAOYONGYUJUBUQIANGHUADELINGJIAN,RUCHONGCAIMO、QUZHOU、TULUN、TULUNZHOU、HUAJIANZHOU、JINGMIYIQIDAOGUI、GAOSUGANGDAOJU、CHILUNJINEIRANJIGANGTAODENG。

3、喷丸

PENWANQIANGHUASHIJIANGDALIANGGAOSUYUNDONGDEDANWANPENSHEDAOLINGJIANBIAOMIANSHANG,YOURUWUSHUGEXIAOCHUICHUIJIJINSHUBIAOMIAN,SHILINGJIANBIAOCENGHECIBIAOCENGFASHENGYIDINGDESUXINGBIANXINGERSHIXIANQIANGHUADEYIZHONGJISHU。

作用:

  • 提高零件机械强度以及耐磨性、抗疲劳和耐蚀性等;
  • 用于表面消光、去氧化皮;
  • 消除铸、锻、焊件的残余应力等。

4、滚压

最简单的微信赚钱方法GUNYASHIZAICHANGWENXIAYONGYINGZHIGUNZHUHUOGUNLUNSHIYAYUXUANZHUANDEGONGJIANBIAOMIAN,BINGYANMUXIANFANGXIANGYIDONG,SHIGONGJIANBIAOMIANSUXINGBIANXING、YINGHUA,YIHUODEZHUNQUE、GUANGJIEHEQIANGHUADEBIAOMIANHUOZHETEDINGHUAWENDEBIAOMIANCHULIGONGYI。

最简单的微信赚钱方法YINGYONG:YUANZHUMIAN、ZHUIMIAN、PINGMIANDENGXINGZHUANGBIJIAOJIANDANDELINGJIAN。

5、拉丝

LASISHIZHIZAIWAILIZUOYONGXIASHIJINSHUQIANGXINGTONGGUOMOJU,JINSHUHENGJIEMIANJIBEIYASUO,BINGHUODESUOYAOQIUDEHENGJIEMIANJIXINGZHUANGHECHICUNDEBIAOMIANCHULIFANGFACHENGWEIJINSHULASIGONGYI。

LASIKEYIGENJUZHUANGSHIXUYAO,ZHICHENGZHIWEN、LUANWEN、BOWENHEXUANWENDENGJIZHONG。

6、抛光

最简单的微信赚钱方法PAOGUANGSHIDUILINGJIANBIAOMIANJINXINGXIUSHIDEYIZHONGGUANGZHENGJIAGONGFANGFA,YIBANZHINENGDEDAOGUANGHUABIAOMIAN,BUNENGTIGAOSHENZHIBUNENGBAOCHIYUANYOUDEJIAGONGJINGDU,SUIYUJIAGONGZHUANGKUANGBUTONG,PAOGUANGHOUDERaZHIKEDA1.6~0.008μm。

最简单的微信赚钱方法YIBANFENWEIJIXIEPAOGUANGHEHUAXUEPAOGUANG。

二、表面合金化技术

化学表面热处理

BIAOMIANHEJINHUAJISHUDEDIANXINGGONGYIJIUSHIHUAXUEBIAOMIANRECHULI。SHIJIANGGONGJIANZHIYUTEDINGJIEZHIZHONGJIAREBAOWEN,SHIJIEZHIZHONGHUOXINGYUANZISHENRUGONGJIANBIAOCENGCONGERGAIBIANGONGJIANBIAOCENGHUAXUECHENGFENHEZUZHI,JINERGAIBIANQIXINGNENGDERECHULIGONGYI。

YUBIAOMIANCUIHUOXIANGBI,HUAXUEBIAOMIANRECHULIBUJINGAIBIANGANGDEBIAOCENGZUZHI,HAIGAIBIANQIHUAXUECHENGFEN。GENJUSHENRUDEYUANSUBUTONG,HUAXUERECHULIKEFENWEISHENTAN、DANHUA、DUOYUANGONGSHEN、SHENQITAYUANSUDENG。 HUAXUERECHULIGUOCHENGBAOKUOFENJIE、XISHOU、KUOSANSANGEJIBENGUOCHENG。

HUAXUEBIAOMIANRECHULIZUIZHUYAODELIANGZHONGFANGSHIJIUSHISHENTANHESHENDAN。

对比渗碳氮化
目的提高工件表面硬度、耐磨性及疲劳强度,同时保持心部良好的韧性。提高工件表面硬度、耐磨性及疲劳强度,提高耐蚀性。
用材含0.1~0.25%C的低碳钢。碳高则心部韧性降低。为含Cr、Mo、Al、Ti、V的中碳钢。
常用方法气体渗碳法、固体渗碳法、真空渗碳法气体氮化法、离子氮化法
温度900~950℃500~570℃
表面厚度一般为0.5~2mm不超过0.6~0.7mm
用途广泛用于飞机﹑汽车和拖拉机等的机械零件﹐如齿轮﹑轴﹑凸轮轴等。用于耐磨性、精度要求高的零件及耐热、耐磨及耐蚀件。如仪表的小轴、轻载齿轮及重要的曲轴等。

三、表面转化膜技术

1、发黑与磷化

发黑:

GANGCAIHUOGANGJIANZAIKONGQI-SHUIZHENGQIHUOHUAXUEYAOWUZHONGJIAREDAOSHIDANGWENDUSHIQIBIAOMIANXINGCHENGYICENGLANSEHUOHEISEYANGHUAMODEGONGYI。YECHENGWEIFALAN。

磷化:

GONGJIAN(GANGTIEHUOLV、XINJIAN)JINRULINHUAYE(MOUXIESUANSHILINSUANYANWEIZHUDERONGYE),ZAIBIAOMIANCHENJIXINGCHENGYICENGBURONGYUSHUIDEJIEJINGXINGLINSUANYANZHUANHUANMODEGUOCHENG,CHENGZHIWEILINHUA。

2、阳极氧化

ZHUYAOSHIZHILVJILVHEJINDEYANGJIYANGHUA。YANGJIYANGHUASHIJIANGLVHUOLVHEJINZHIJIANJINCHENYUSUANXINGDIANJIEYEZHONG,ZAIWAIDIANLIUZUOYONGXIAZUOWEIYANGJI,ZAIZHIJIANBIAOMIANSHANGXINGCHENGYUJITILAOGUJIEHEDEFANGSHIYANGHUAMOCENG。ZHEICENGYANGHUAMOJUYOUFANGHUXING、ZHUANGSHIXING、JUEYUANXING、NAIMOXINGDENGTESHUTEXING。

YANGJIYANGHUAQIANYAOJINGGUOPAOGUANG、CHUYOU、QINGXIDENGYUCHULI,QIHOUYAOJINXINGCHONGXI、ZHESEHEFENGBIDENGCHULI。

应用:最简单的微信赚钱方法常用于汽车、飞机的某些特殊部件的防护处理以及工艺品和日用五金制品的装饰性处理。

四、表面覆膜技术

1、热喷涂

REPENTUSHIJIANGJINSHUHUOFEIJINSHUCAILIAOJIARERONGHUA,KAOYASUOQITILIANXUCHUIPENDAOZHIJIANBIAOMIANSHANG,XINGCHENGYUJITILAOGUJIEHEDETUCENG,CONGZHIJIANBIAOCENGHUODESUOXUYAODEWULIHUAXUEXINGNENG。

LIYONGREPENTUJISHUKEGAISHANCAILIAODENAIMOXING、NAISHIXING、NAIREXINGJIJUEYUANXINGDENG。

应用:最简单的微信赚钱方法航空航天、原子能、电子等尖端技术在内的几乎所有领域。

2、真空镀

最简单的微信赚钱方法ZHENKONGDU,JIUSHIZAIZHENKONGTIAOJIANXIA,TONGGUOZHENGLIUHUOJIANSHEDENGFANGSHIZAIJINSHUBIAOMIANCHENJIGEZHONGJINSHUHEFEIJINSHUBOMODEBIAOMIANCHULIGONGYI。

最简单的微信赚钱方法TONGGUOZHENKONGDUDEFANGSHIKEYIDEDAOFEICHANGBODEBIAOMIANDUCENG,TONGSHIJUYOUSUDUKUAI、FUZHELIHAO、WURANWUSHAODENGYOUDIAN。

真空溅射镀原理

最简单的微信赚钱方法ANZHAOGONGYIBUTONG,ZHENKONGDUKEYIFENWEIZHENKONGZHENGDU、ZHENKONGJIANSHEDU、ZHENKONGLIZIDU。

3、电镀

最简单的微信赚钱方法DIANDUSHIYIZHONGDIANHUAXUEHEYANGHUAHAIYUANDEGUOCHENG。YIDUNIEWEILI:JIANGJINSHUZHIJIANJINZAIJINSHUYAN(NiSO4)DERONGYEZHONGZUOWEIYINJI,JINSHUNIEBANZUOWEIYANGJI,JIETONGZHILIUDIANYUANHOUZAIZHIJIANSHANGJIUHUICHENJICHUJINSHUDUNIECENG。

DIANDUFANGFAFENWEIPUTONGDIANDUHETEZHONGDIANDU。

4、气相沉积

QIXIANGCHENJIJISHUSHIZHIJIANGHANYOUCHENJIYUANSUDEQIXIANGWUZHI,TONGGUOWULIHUOHUAXUEDEFANGFACHENJIZAICAILIAOBIAOMIANXINGCHENGBOMODEYIZHONGXINXINGDUMOJISHU。

最简单的微信赚钱方法GENJUCHENJIGUOCHENGDEYUANLIBUTONG,QIXIANGCHENJIJISHUKEFENWEIWULIQIXIANGCHENJI(PVD)HEHUAXUEQIXIANGCHENJI(CVD)LIANGDALEI。

物理气相沉积(PVD)

最简单的微信赚钱方法WULIQIXIANGCHENJISHIZHIZAIZHENKONGTIAOJIANXIA,YONGWULIDEFANGFA,SHICAILIAOQIHUACHENGYUANZI、FENZIHUODIANLICHENGLIZI,BINGTONGGUOQIXIANGGUOCHENG,ZAICAILIAOBIAOMIANCHENJIYICENGBOMODEJISHU。

WULICHENJIJISHUZHUYAOBAOKUOZHENKONGZHENGDU、JIANSHEDU、LIZIDUSANZHONGJIBENFANGFA。

最简单的微信赚钱方法WULIQIXIANGCHENJIJUYOUSHIYONGDEJITICAILIAOHEMOCENGCAILIAOGUANGFAN;GONGYIJIANDAN、SHENGCAILIAO、WUWURAN;HUODEDEMOCENGMOJIFUZHELIQIANG、MOCENGHOUDUJUNYUN、ZHIMI、ZHENKONGSHAODENGYOUDIAN。

GUANGFANYONGYUJIXIE、HANGKONGHANGTIAN、DIANZI、GUANGXUEHEQINGGONGYEDENGLINGYUZHIBEINAIMO、NAISHI、NAIRE、DAODIAN、JUEYUAN、GUANGXUE、CIXING、YADIAN、HUARUN、CHAODAODENGBOMO。

化学气相沉积(CVD)

HUAXUEQIXIANGCHENJISHIZHIZAIYIDINGWENDUXIA,HUNHEQITIYUJITIBIAOMIANXIANGHUZUOYONGERZAIJITIBIAOMIANXINGCHENGJINSHUHUOHUAHEWUBOMODEFANGFA。

最简单的微信赚钱方法YOUYUHUAXUEQIXIANGCHENJIMOCENGJUYOULIANGHAODENAIMOXING、NAISHIXING、NAIREXINGJIDIANXUE、GUANGXUEDENGTESHUXINGNENG,YIBEIGUANGFANYONGYUJIXIEZHIZAO、HANGKONGHANGTIAN、JIAOTONGYUNSHU、MEIHUAGONGDENGGONGYELINGYU。

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